Due to war, in 1509 a great number of Jews fled to Venice. To keep an eye on these new arrivals, the Serenissima decided to confine the Jewish community to an area accessible only through 2 bridges and surveilling it with guards. This are had hosted foundries that used to “gettare”, “cast” metal, and was therefore known as Ghetto.
Since then, “ghetto” indicates an area in which a certain community is confined.
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